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James Keating

Introduction by Jerry Van Cook

How do you introduce someone like James A. Keating? Anyone interested in self-defense who doesn't already know who he is has to have been living in a cave. That said, there may be a few of you who have slipped through the cracks so I'll do my best to fill you in.

As far as I'm concerned, Keating is in a class of his own when it comes to the study, application, and teaching of realistic self-defense. For well over 30 years now he has made it his life, and literally thousands of students have been the beneficiaries of this pursuit. Whether they came to him in order to study firearms, sticks, knives, unarmed combat-or more importantly the integration of all forms of defense-they went away with both new skills and a new outlook on protecting themselves and their loved ones.

You see, Keating is far more than just a gifted teacher and practitioner of the martial arts-he is a visionary. A creative man with the innate ability to transfer theory to practicality, and apply ancient concepts to modern society, he connects with his students in ways few other instructors can. You go away from a session with Jim saying to yourself, "Yeah, now I finally understand how it all works."

Ladies and gentlemen, read what Jim writes carefully. Then run a copy of it and keep it for future reference. Like all great teaching, you will understand it in new ways as your own study of close quarters combat matures. When you study with James A. Keating, you get the real thing without having to separate the wheat from the chaff. The name of his company, Combat Technologies, says it all: A pragmatic system of fighting taught with a Western mindset. Another good name for his style could be No-Bullshito-Ryu.

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Realfighting
Last time we spoke a little bit about the origin of knife fighting, and you said something to the effect that it can be traced to the time of the Spanish Empire.
Keating
There's a lot of research being done out there, people picking up odd passages here and there, I think we can see that one of the things that Asia overlooked was the point. Asia did not have what in western fencing is called "a sense of point," they could stab, sure, whether it was with a sword of knife, they could do these things, but it wasn't part of what they taught or how they would fight. They were mainly hackers, slicers and choppers; but as the world changed the thrust became more noted.

One of the things we noticed going way back to ancient Greece and Rome, was the use of point over the use of edge. The edge seems to be synonymous with Asia; the point is synonymous with the nations that eventually conquered the world.

RF
Alexander's success with the Phalanx, and the Rome's success with the Gladius.

Keating
Exactly…Greece and Rome conquered the then known world with the point, the thrust, the shield and basic formations. It wasn't any one specific maneuver; it was the use of point. So while we cannot go back and get an actual manual that someone has written, we know that it existed.

Many people refer back to a book that was written, I believe in the 1840s, it was written in Spain and it was one of the better-systemized methods of knife fighting; it's called the Baratero. Within that little book, there's footwork, and all types of tricks of the trade.

RF
I've read a lot of stories about the knife in the middle ages but I've never pinpointed any sources, have you looked down that road?

Keating
I have, in fact one of the interesting things they have found, Pete (Pete kautz from www.Alliancemartialarts.com and his research has found, a dagger manual from Germany from around 1200 A.D., something very unusual. I don't know if you're familiar with HACA, the Historical Armed Combat Association, they have some wonderful things on their website. They also have some old texts from various European countries and have some very interesting documents.

My slant on things comes from the periods in history where no armor was used, since it relates more to our present day situation. A period in Europe where they had clothing swords called "espada ropera." That was a period where people carried short swords, no armor, and this is the period where I'm more interested in.

RF
Since that time still applies to us today.

Keating
Exactly, it's very similar to today, so I purposely avoid a lot of specialized things that were done on horseback, or that were done with armor or with tools that I can no longer access; you know, some exotic weapon that is totally impractical.

RF
That you can't walk down the street with.

Keating
Right…to stop someone who is trying to kill you, you must access one or two vital organs, and damage them, there's no way you can stop…or kill someone fast who is trying to kill you by slashing somebody.

RF
Well, there goes my Zatoichi movies. What length should a knife be in order to shut someone down FAST?

Keating
Generally speaking, this is something that has been bantered about. To shut down a human being who is desperately trying to do you harm, you need a 4-1/2" or 5" knife. If you want a universal kill, for large predators, a 5" knife will not reach the organs the way it should. The minimum you'll need for large men and animals is a 7" knife, and I recommend the #1 Randall as a good starting point, with a double guard. Even if you don't want to go with the Randal because of the price, Cold Steel makes what's called the R1, and it's like only $100, and it's a wonderful knife and it's basically a replica of the Randall knife.

RF
I have your Chinook, is that good at the minimal level?

Keating
Yes, that's a good self-defense knife against people, but here where I live you have bears, you have cougars, you never know what you're going to bump into. Just last week a man in British Colombia was attacked by a mountain lion and he used a 3" folding knife to kill it. We have bears from our house, less than three miles on the river, and so it is a serious thing. For an animal the Chinook would probably not be adequate.

RF
What do you want to carry in bear country?

Keating
When I'm in bear country, a lot of people like the Randall 9" number one, well to me, you get something stuck in there that's too long, and when you get an animal that's heavy or has power, it will take the tip of that and snap it right out of your hands, cause now you've given the animal too much leverage against you, by that length of blade. Your wrist and hand can no longer control it, so I'm a little hesitant to say go with the 9" knife, cause usually, when you're hiking and moving you don't want some great big heavy Gladius on your hip.

If I 'm going to carry something heavy on my hip, I'll carry a pistol. So I'll usually carry a .44 Magnum pistol and a 7" Randall, and the reason I like that is because it does it all. If you go smaller, it's questionable, if you go larger it's awkward. But if you go with a 7" inch knife you can wear it all day, it will serve its purpose very well if you do ever have to tangle, and once you get up into a 9" or 10" blade it really becomes difficult to do minor tasks, whether to prepare lunch, or dig a stick out of your finger, it's just too big, but at that 7" level you still have a very handy utility knife, that can also fight and defend, and the purpose of the length is to access organs.

RF
I have the model 12 "Bear Bowie" -- 8" blade, 1 5/8" wide of 1/4" stock, I've had it for nearly 20 years, and have used it in the Amazon, and other various places in Asia and the Middle east, and it still is in great shape.

Keating
You know you can't beat Randall for quality, they're just classic, I have the Randall #1 one and a #2, the #2 being a dagger, I like the Bowie/dagger combination and with that you can do just about anything. When you get close quarter (as I mentioned in our past conversation) you need to use that knife like a bullet. You know the size of a .45 caliber bullet, well imagine that compared to the size of a knife blade. Well in a Randall #1, or even my Chinook, you're using well over a .90 caliber bullet (in size). People talk about when a .45 hits someone, or a 9mm or something like that, that's all well and good, but a knife plunging into that same organ is going to do three times the damage. So in that way, we're looking at the knife as a means to stop someone (who's trying to kill you) FAST. The only way you can do that is with a thrust. A thrust will seal itself, it's not horribly messy, whereas a slash; there's no controlling the flow of blood, and It doesn't always stop them, it makes a big stinky mess, it's just a bad scene.

I'm not an advocate of going in there and cutting something up. One guy said, "Oh well that's bullshit, you've never been cut, but I've been cut." But my point is this, these guys who go out and hunt these 300 lb. Pigs with knives, none of them chop or slash the pig, it doesn't do anything. Every one of these guys thrust the pig when he comes close and nails the pig to stop him. And then to use that knife in the pig as a handle to keep away from the thing and to steer the thing. It's like installing a handle in the animal, that's the only way to stop a wild pig quickly.

RF
Now, you've seen the samurai movies where they slash each other, and the guys are falling like flies, is that just nonsense?

Keating
Well it's similar to the gun fighting movies, the westerns, the cop shows, when they show someone being shot and flying backwards, why the hell would a bullet make you fly backwards? That's just the special effects bullshit. Once again, we discussed this, the assassination attempt (in the Philippines) on the dais during a speech during the then president Corazon Aquino. A madman came up onto the dais, unannounced, he was standing there, there were a dozen people there, and he whipped out a knife the size of my arm, it was like a machete, and proceeded to use straight up and straight down motions, just like hammering, Boom, boom, boom, boom, boom. He was hitting people all around him; there were some severe cuts but no one was seriously hurt. He was quickly subdued; he didn't kill a single person.

Well that's another example of using the wrong tactic. If he would have just gone bang, bang, bang, bang and stabbed five people, they would have probably been dead. So the dramatic effect of keeping your calm, of using your thrust, knowing where to hit to do the maximum damage. This is so important because we see this over and over again.

In Europe, the old schools would teach you to be calm, use the point, use the science of fighting. But in the Philippines they are really using something called run amok. The word amok is a Filipino word that entered our culture and it means to go bug shit crazy, just like you're on fire, only kill people. Well that may be impressive to see someone to go crazy, but guess what, it doesn't make you a better fighter. Their version of fighting is to get agitated, angry, completely freaked out of your mind, go attack the enemy and chop them to pieces.

RF
Another parallel would the samurai, they would just go nuts, scream and try to chop up everyone in sight.

Keating
That's right, where the western mindset is very different, stay clam, stay focused, do your job and you see completely different emotions involved in combat, and personally I would rather stay calm, I don't see putting on a big display of anger [especially in our society] it just works against you. You learn to keep your mind calm and focused. There are some major differences between the cultures, how they advocate to use a knife, and how they don't.

Like reverse grip, to me this is a self-defense method, it is not a knife fighting method, if we're going to talk classic knife fighting, one man with a knife versus another, that is an entirely different subject, cause we each are armed, you each may have trained, but when you're looking at self-defense with a knife in everyday circumstances, I think reverse grip is far superior.

RF
It's the ice-pick grip, yes?

Keating
It's like an ice pick grip, either the edge would be towards my forearm or the edge would be out away from my forearm.

RF
Where do you prefer the edge to be?

Keating
Back, I prefer the edge back towards me, all my knives ride in a holster open and the edge is to the rear so when I pull the knife, the sharpened edge is in towards my forearm. Many people disagree with this but this comes out of Pekiti-tersia, and without trying to sound bloody, all these knife experts…I guarantee, none of them have cut someone up.

RF
Can you expound on that?

Keating
During a fight, people arms rise up, you want to be able to come straight down and pull them in like a tiger, not knock them away, where they can mount another attack on you. Again, I think too many guys want to go out and do a knife kata and look cool, but they have no clue what it is like to be in a knife fight. A lot of these guys are full of untested opinions and teach their stuff and are going to get their students hurt.

RF
I took Pekiti-tiersa years ago, I liked it; it's a very fast style, but it's got a lot of crap in it too.

Keating
Laughter...this is what I've done; I've taken Pekiti-tiersa and modified it, I agree with you, so you don't have to do a lot of the crap. I basically want the high-speed effectiveness and that's what we've got. So again in my opinion, as far as self-defense, close quarter, against any situation, the reverse grip is one of the best. But if we're talking about two men with knives squaring off amongst each other, oh hell no, get your knife out of reverse grip, get into regular grip, it is not a knife fighting method.

RF
When squaring off with someone, if you're right handed, do you keep your blade back or forward?

Keating
You keep your blade forward

RF
Just like fencing?

Keating
Almost...the fight must start somewhere, the [knife] fight will always start at long range, there are very few people who wish to rush forward into cold steel, or a burning branch, they don't want to get on fire, so there's very few people who'll charge into the heart of death. So you will circle each other, you will test the other one, in which case I will keep that point directly in their eyes, Just like in the Spanish Circle, I will keep that point in their eyes and walk the circle. But that's one of the big ones for us, we're the only school that I'm aware of, out of all the different masters including; Kelly Worden, Hock Hochheim, and all these other men that teach sleight of hand as part of our knife fighting curriculum, and I've written big volumes online about that.

RF
Is that with distractions, using scarves,

Keating
It is, but think of stage magic, like in Las Vegas, but instead of using the principles of distraction, angle, deception that involve good stage magic, we're not doing it to entertain or to make a parrot in a cage disappear, we're doing it to stop someone, and we take the concepts of magic and apply them to the blade.

Once you see what we're doing, many people say, oh, wow why didn't I think of that. It's fairly simple but it's profound in its effects though. That means you can do invisible hitting, people are struck and don't know how they were hit. They never had a clue when it was coming; they never saw it when it did come. That's even been said about kung fu, if you can strike without them knowing, that's one of the highest skills.

RF
Well that's a perfect segue to talk about kung fu. I went to China five times, for business, from the early '90s to about 1996. In between I sought out famous masters and their schools, not to be a wise guy but to learn…I was thoroughly disappointed each time. Obviously the stuff must have worked at some time in history [probably not since the boxer rebellion] but I don't know what it is, they just don't make effective fighters, everyone knows this but its not spoken of, and even in San Shou, look at them fight, they use western wrestling and boxing techniques (a apt example is Cung Le), where's the kung fu?

Keating
Right, I agree, and this goes back to something Sir Richard Burton said.

RF
The explorer, the guy who searched for the source of the Nile?

Keating
Yes, that Sir Richard Burton. He said this stuff about methods, systems and styles is nonsense, because any human being with two legs and two arms all move on the same matrix. There are a set of universal motions that govern man under times of stress and violence, and you may think you will move a certain way but very rapidly you learn you don't. The rest may be developmental, it may be healthy, it may be beneficial and entertaining, but when it comes to life and death combat; all human beings whether they are seven foot tall Africans or a tiny guy from Canada, it doesn't matter, everybody moves the same.

RF
And responds the same with adrenal rush…

Keating
Exactly and this is what Burton was trying to say, that you must access those core movements and core mechanics and motions, because that is what is going to guide you.

RF
Those are human actions and reactions, not those of a tiger, crane, snake and monkey.

Keating
Right, exactly

RF
Let's talk about the Bowie knife; was it developed by James Bowie or his brother?

Keating
Well let's just say the Bowie family, I'm involved in a research project at a university and they wanted to paint James Bowie in a bad light by saying he was just a drunken, brawling, gambling, slave-owning, shithead. And I said I'm not going to participate in this if this is what you're going to do, because the guy owned slaves for a very short period of time…that's like condemning you and me for owning automobiles and being directly responsible for causing air pollution.

RF
Well that was part of the life in those days, most wealthy people had slaves. But many people forget that slavery was worldwide institution, only later in history were Africans singled out.

Keating
Right, so I said I would not participate because it's an unfair image. This guy was the first American to have trade relations with Mexico. He had cotton mills and gins set up in both countries, he set up the first factory in Mexico, this guy was one of the first American industrialists, a powerful interesting individual, and hardly a drunken, brawling slave-owner.

He was out with the Indians, he explored the silver mines the Spanish left centuries before, he was an adventurer, a creator, a businessman, you cannot do all these things and still have the reputation of an athlete and fighter and a gentleman, without being a very motivated individual. So at this point these institutions wish to modify and change history away from the truth and put the politically correct spin on it, and I won't do it.

RF
Revisionist history is forced on us nowadays to try to make everyone feel good. People should just accept the facts the way they are.

Keating
Yes, that's what I say, don't change the facts. Right now, I produced my knife, the Chinook; it was named after the native fish of the Pacific Northwest, it was called the buffalo of the Northwest, meaning just like the plains Indians survived by buffalo, these Indians survived by salmon. So I'm working with many of the tribes to save the salmon, and the Chinook tribe being one of them, and in that sense we're looking at the past, the sacred sites, almost every week I'm involved with some archaeological expedition, here in the pacific northwest, so I'm very fortunate to be able to go out employ my skills, go to these wilderness areas, explore, it's really a great lifestyle, and the opinions I hold, which are very similar to yours, I'll never quit, I'll expound on them, I'll write about them every chance I get because it's important for people to understand the actual viewpoint not the political one.

RF
Getting back to the Chinook, it's a great knife, but it's a little large for some occasions, especially if you work in a large city. If a client would see the large clip, they would immediately know it's a large folder, and in New York City, the capital of liberalism, it would scare a great many people.

Keating
Well this is why I designed the Hornet, with M.O.D. (Masters Of Defense)www.MastersofDefense.com, because you cannot carry a great big knife without looking odd at the office or health club. The Hornet is a tactical gentleman's folder. It's a small discreet knife that looks like it won't do anything, yet when I need it to kick ass, it can do that (this knife is reviewed in our products section). Even now when I go places where I have to move around a lot (most recently in Ohio), people ask me, "what do you carry Mr. Keating, for real? I carry my own knife, my Hornet, I don't carry the Chinook, I don't carry many other things, but I carry that Hornet religiously, and the reason I'm so excited about it, because it works so well. It's one of the most well designed systems on the market today for what we need it to do.

RF
Kelly McCann told me you are a wickedly knowledgeable guy about knives

Keating
Well, my dad was a knife maker in the 1950s when nobody gave a shit, and my dad taught us about knife fighting (coming out of WWII, he was still kind of pumped) and how to throw knives, he made knives, and it was always something that was in our family and not something we spoke about or did in public. I had always been studying these things, arnis, kali and had always been collecting knives, it's always been a piece of me, but I never went public with it until around 1989, early '90s.

I just felt, here I am, I just spent my entire life, at that point some 25 some years of training in martial arts, yet I was just like any other guy, you could walk into my school, I was in a uniform, just like the studio down the street. And that's bullshit, and that's why I was broke and wasn't going anywhere, and I thought to myself, Jim Keating, what do you know more than anyone else? I knew the knife but God, the knife is the assassins tool, it's thought about by criminals, and I went ahead and did it anyway, it turned out to be a good thing, and it has been the guiding light in my life and of course as it has been accepted more into society, other people started doing it, Gee whiz, even though I'm not that old, people look at me as this generations grandfather of the knife, as people looked at colonel Applegate in the last generation. I'm very fortunate for that, yet I've taken the time to learn knife fighting systems and styles, very rare one.

Back to what Sir Richard Burton said, let's face it, there's only so many ways to move, there's only so many things you can do, and if you're an intelligent reasoning man, whether you're from the Philippines, Mexico or Europe or America, you're going to discover these things eventually if you're determined. And that's what I did, I studied Mexican, Arabic, Filipino, Spanish, just all types of different blade systems methods and tricks, and I suppose in that sense I am more of a wicked knife fighter than a wicked gun fighter.

Although the pistol was one of my original tools, the knife has just become what I've been famous for, I like the knife because it's quiet, you can do something with a knife and it may be messy but it's quiet, where a gun is both messy and noisy and everybody on the whole street knows you did it. Unless you have a silencer, which is again a big problem, so the knife is a very slick tool. Out of all the tools, that have come down to us, don't you think in your heart that the knife a cutting instrument, must have been one of those major things like fire? To discover, employ and use?

RF
Yes, even before fire, for every purpose

Keating
Exactly, because even the spear is just a knife on a stick, and the sword is just a great big old knife. The knife has been with us from the dawn of time, OK, how many times have come down to us from the dawn of time are still with us, everyday, right now, you name them?

RF
The wheel, fire…

Keating
You see what I mean; you can count them on the fingers of one hand. Out of all the millions of weapons man has created for war, destruction and defense, are any of them being carried today by special forces? No they are not, but the knife is. The knife is the only ancient weapon that has come to us from the dawn of time, throughout history that still has a functional role in our everyday life whether it's in the kitchen, carrying a folder in our pocket or a soldier carrying a knife in a field in Afghanistan.

RF
And if you don't have your knife, you can pull out your Stinger

Keating
Yeah, put your keys on them, which gives them the counter weight, and I'm telling you, right there, you can hit someone lightly and it will break his rib. Sometimes you just can't pull out a knife. And this thing, when you're walking to your car to your home is always in your hand and all you have to do is reach out and strike. And you don't have to be a karate master and toughen your hands for 20 years, because this is a very subtle thing. (James Keating sells a really cool device that fits in your palm and attached to your keys, it's reviewed in this issue under products)

RF
Well that whole thing karate stylists do with breaking inanimate objects is just silly, and I can talk about it because I spent a great part of my life doing all styles of karate, from Korean, to Okinawan, to Japanese. And the funny thing is, it doesn't help your fighting ability one percent. I think Robert Smith said that Mas Oyama was a wreck from all that breaking.

Keating
Oh yeah, Oyama was a classic case of woe and sorrow because he was a man that went around breaking boards, stones, ice and killing animals…

RF
You mean sickly animals…

Keating
Yeah, and at the end of his life, he was a total cripple, he could hardly walk, his hands and feet looked more like the stones he had been breaking, you cannot destroy your body.

Man is tool-using being, and if for some reason I have to use my teeth or bash something with my hand, like a walnut or a coconut to open it, then I'm just a stupid son of a bitch I'm not a tough guy, cause all I have to do is pick up a tool and go boom, and my hand is fine.

I never understood the Japanese, Korean and Chinese fighting systems; these systems have a penchant for leaning towards self-destruction. If we were looking at this in Mexico, it would be called "Machismo," meaning in order to show you I am a man, and have a lot of balls, I'm going to beat myself up, and cut myself up, and won't that impress you. Well in Asia it does, but in the western world we say, "why is he doing that, doesn't that hurt, and won't that fuck him up forever?" Oh yeah, but it's their way of doing things, this is one of the things behind, oh, I'll commit hara-kiri, or I'll die for the emperor…why waste the warrior?

This is a ridiculous thing; you know I haven't trained 30 years of my life to throw it away in combat. This futility in some Asian arts based on ancestor worship, that somehow it's honorable to go out and throw my life away. Well, I'm totally against that, because I train so I that won't throw my life away. This is what I personally disagree with that whole morbid aspect and devotion to the daimyo. This caused me a lot of grief in my Asian martial art days, I'm much happier fitting into the western styles.

RF
I agree with you, I also noticed that the Filipino arts (except for the Moros, who are Muslims) don't have that "I want to kill myself mentality."

Keating
That's partly due to the influence from Spain. Once again you have a western art that's been transposed to the Philippines, and a lot of people argue that point and say, no it's not true! Well why did much of the population speak Spanish until the Americans showed up?

RF
Spain occupied the Philippines for 333 years, and America and its influence has been there since they won the Spanish American war.

Keating
And when you recognize the terms, all these things…even Jeet Kune Do is fencing without a sword. In that sense, the western arts have always governed combat; there is no known (classical) Asian art that has ever ruled the world, with the exception of the Mongols, who technically also used the point, their main weapon was the point (bow & arrow), not the sword.

RF
Well many people who take arnis refuse to understand that much of it is intertwined with western fencing.

Keating
They want to make it like; this is the holy art that came out of the Philippines

RF
Well then they need to adopt Catholicism too.

Keating
Well that pisses me off, cause I'm 6'-2", I have reddish hair, I'm damn good with a stick and a knife, better than a lot of Filipino masters but people ignore me. If I was 5'-1" born in the Philippines I would be world famous by now.

RF
I've been to the Philippines many times throughout my life and it's not so formalized there, here it's not only formalized but overly political as well.

Keating
There's a lot of good men that are black, that are white, that are yellow, but they're not getting the recognition because of one cultural perception and bias. And especially if you're Filipino, you can play and kind of con-job, and play like you're a master and people will follow you. You can teach ridiculous shit and people will believe it, but like me, I have to prove everything I say; for example if I say arnis and kali are not really part of Filipino culture the response is oh God damn, they'll threaten to kill you, you son of a bitch, you biased this, no, no, no, it all came from Spain, The Philippines was basically a Malay culture that migrated to the islands over a long period of time and used the stick and machete like and did the best they could. They did not have a sophisticated art until the Spanish arrived.

RF
They had bladed systems based on slashing, and clubs for thrashing, just like the Indonesians, also Malays.

Keating
Exactly, hacking and madman slashing, there was no sophistication until they met up with the Spanish, the Portuguese and the Dutch. These Europeans taught them about the western superiority of the point the hard way.

We can't change history, the facts are the facts, and when some group says, oh no, we had this before, well why isn't it pronounced in Tagalog, is there any reference in Tagalog, no there isn't, they used the proper Spanish term.

There's a guy in Southwest Arizona, he has taken plain old arnis, and he teaches it as La Azteca! La Azteca, the stick fighting art of the Aztecs. This guy is Spanish, and he says this is the art of my people and he discovered it.

RF
Well the Aztecs actually didn't use sticks; their main battle weapon was a large club with pieces of obsidian notched into it. The principle of using that club has no relation in any way to any style of stick fighting.

Keating
Exactly, to me, when I see this it's ridiculous, he's still teaching flow drills right out of arnis, it would be like me taking kali or arnis and saying, this is Irish stick fighting, because my hair is red, it's stupid. And yet these other guys are trying to transpose this over.

The best way is to teach a solid program by using the truth. I cut the cultural shit out, I cut any racial bias out, and just said, here we are, men with two arms and two legs and an edged weapon.

And that's the bottom line, and you can solve so many problems this way. It gets down to, this time this moment, not what they did 100 years ago, but right now, and by God, if we're not in tune with right now today, then we've blown it, we may know everything there is about the way the samurai did it but it doesn't mean a thing.

RF
Well the samurai's prowess is so over exaggerated. There was a noted story about a cabin boy on a Portuguese ship in the 16th Century that landed in Japan to sell guns, with only one year of haphazard training in European fencing, killed a skilled Japanese pirate (and former samurai). Take a look at Japanese armor in any major museum, the majority of these guys were very short, some of this armor was made for someone who was not that much taller than 5'-0". Take a look at the European armor; the northern Europeans were tall, even by today's standards, If the samurai would have seen them en masse on the battlefield, they would have pissed in their hakama's. Size matters in all things.

Keating
Well this is a commonly repeated story of the Portuguese, of the Spanish, of the Dutch, because all these people knew how to go to point, they were not going to clang blades, crash into each other, and hack each other to a thousand pieces.

RF
Because the technology in fencing (in Europe) moved forward.

Keating
They would just go bump, hit, and you had a big hole in you, you didn't know where it came from, and suddenly you're falling. I tell people from twelve feet away (these God damn people who mock fencing) I say put on your fencing helmet, we pick up weapons, and say from twelve feet away, I can hit you without seeing me or stopping me. And in the course of that match, sometime, I will hit them squarely between the eyes. With the force of a battering ram from twelve feet away, and it is a well know trick, I can bridge or double my distance.

I'm 6'-2", I can move that 6' and another 6' in the blink of an eye, that is a hell of a move and yet, it's called the fleche (the running arrow). People have no understanding or comprehension of how deadly this is, that's why I always have weapons and helmets on hand, because we can give you a living example. There's a great big blind spot right between your eyes, you cannot see things coming straight in.

RF
That's why a straight punch from a boxer is so hard to defend against.

Keating
Absolutely, it comes right in and hits you before you can blink. Well it's the same with the thrust, well most people say if you stick your hand straight out you'll get it cut off, but if you do it with timing it's the most devastating moves there is, psychologically as well as physically.

RF
When I was in Japan I studied kendo for a time, but I knew even then there were weaknesses in the basic system, and I also didn't like it because you had to scream all the time, and I'm not a screamer, some people are screamers, but not me.

Keating
Well it goes back to get agitated, get pissed off and start stomping around vs. staying calm, we don't scream.

RF
And it makes sense; you are actually distracting yourself from doing what you need to do. That's probably why Monica Seles doesn't win as much as she probably could; she spends too much time screaming.

Many people who do some type of Asian weapons work do not comprehend how superior western fencers really are and don't realize that if they were to face off with a fencer using a real weapon, they would be run through helplessly.

Keating
I think if a person were to learn one thing, it should be fencing, not these other arts, and not that I'm against them but I'm just saying to get it all complete in one package, that is well explained, well understood and scientific…and again this goes to difference between a fighting art and a fighting science. I prefer a fighting science. Western arts have rarely pushed too much religion or superstition, but what they have done is applied geometry, mathematics and science to these combative equations to produce a high degree of replication, and success in combat.

RF
In contrast Taoism has permeated many of the Chinese arts ruining them with mysticism and unnecessary dogma, just as Feng Shui started out as a useful set of examples designed for better living, then became totally mired in mysticism.

Keating
Yes, exactly, the Asian stuff that is always art, art, art, or the other word being spirituality, does not have a high degree of success in combat, it's hard to replicate by others, if one man can do it, it doesn't mean the other one can, or another culture can. This is the way of art, art is unique, there's only one Van Gogh, art is hard to replicate, it's one man's expression that you must capture, but impossible to replicate, science can be captured every time, and is based on a precise set of rules, the laws of the universe, physic, mathematics, and this is what comes out of all European fighting methods, they were all based around this mindset, there was very little ancestor worship, and all these factors combined, and this is why I prefer a fighting science, and I can tell you why your body works this way, what its strongest actions are, these are all easily proved over and over again.

RF
In Asian arts they don't allow you to improvise

Keating
Hell no, I remember in my karate days, if you changed a form, you were just right up there with the devil.

RF
Well I got really tired of the limitations of karate early on but that was basically the only game in town. In Europe you could get excellent amateur boxing instruction, but in America, for the most part, going into a boxing gym meant you wanted to go pro and you automatically became the moving practice pad for the tough guys. It's only in the last few years that boxing gyms have started to offer amateur instruction in a facility that doesn't resemble a pigsty.

Keating
Well that was even typical of some of the karate schools, the whole thing there was some test of courage, macho bullshit vs. true learning.

RF
Ina past issue, I interviewed Skipper Mullins

Keating
Oh yeah, he's a classic

RF
And he told me, well, yeah we would train hard everyday and people would go to the hospital. And I give him all my respect, but what kind of training is that?

Keating
Well is that something to be proud of? In the old days you used to hear, well, John broke his finger and Steve broke his foot, wow, that was a great class. Why? If you're learning this shit, you're not supposed to get hurt, #2, why is getting hurt a badge of honor, it's the wrong way of looking at it.

RF
Well just introduce weapons and see what happens. I was in an iaido class, and this guy was doing one of the forms. Now, iaido forms are usually slow and deliberate, but this guy was going fast to impress someone, well, as he was sheathing the sword, he didn't use his left hand in the usual guide-in maneuver, but thought he could just stick the point into the sheath, well, the sword went right through his forearm to about one third down the blade (at top speed) and they rushed him to the emergency room.

Keating
I think a lot of that is due to the juvenile mentality that has infected our whole culture in a way, it's a sad thing. Look at the whole skateboard thing, Oh yeah I broke my arm doing this, and then he gets recognition from his peer group. It's a whole twisted way of looking at things.

RF
What aspects of the Filipino arts do you find rewarding?

Keating
On the Filipino arts I like their ideas about movement, they're very good about teaching the transition from handwork to footwork, from stability to mobility. Probably the best thing I like is to view the stick fighting as knife fighting. I mean, there's no point in becoming a stick fighter, I have no interest in it. I usually carry a gun or a knife, so why learn it, since it's kind of a primitive weapon? Because it's lever training, anytime the human body trains with levers, it creates one more joint, an articulated lever. There are three classifications of levers, and when one understands lever training, how the use of an extension weapon, such as a foil, a saber, a stick, works, then you understand why this is such a fantastic developmental tool.

So beyond saying that the Moro styles are better than Visayan styles, which is silly, what I'm saying is by learning to use an extension weapon and viewing it as lever training, you will find one of the greatest developmental tools to make your gun fighting, your knife fighting and empty hands fighting better. And I asked this of Dan Inosanto. If we're playing knife, why must we learn these other things? He said the stick turbo-charges the blade.

If you were good with the knife before doing stick, you will become even better and faster. You are now learning to respond on other levels besides visual acuity. Depending on who you speak to, there are around eight or nine levels of speed. Scientifically when you break it all down there's speed in footwork, hand speed, combinations speed. By using only empty hands the average practitioner, only develops and accesses four to five of these speed levels. The lever will take you to those untouched zones. And you just can't do that by practicing kung fu, karate and empty hands. Again the most important aspect of Filipino stick fighting is to use the stick as a developmental tool.

RF
How do you run your classes?

Keating
Well it depends; seminars are very different than regular classes. People who come to regular training learn a variety of things in sets, a sort of circular training regimen. This way at the right time and place, they will be introduced into the sparring phase, the long and short range knife, one knife, two knife, counter knife, and each one is a phase a range and a goal that is addressed.

As Remy Presas explained this to me, everything coming out of Japan is linear, meaning you start at the bottom of the totem pole and you work your way up to black belt, and when you're ready they will teach you certain things. And if you're not ready you're denied those things. In arnis and the Filipino arts, Remy told me, it's not a line but a circle, and all of these different skills are on this circle. So you might pick certain aspects, single knife, double-stick, knife and shield, etc. Well at that point the beginner will start at any one of these places, because it will eventually complete the whole circuit and be back at the same place. Where martial arts coming from Japan and China will always force you to learn in a linear method, from the bottom up gradually to the top.

If you were to come to my school this month, we've been on the firing range all month, guns, very little knife, very little stick, because it's summer, we must shoot while we can.

RF
What are your favorite guns?

Keating
Well if you're talking about combat I like Sigs and Glocks, but on a daily basis, I carry a .44 Charter Arms Bulldog. I'm rarely in a deadly environment, or in combat. Right now as we're talking I have on me a Smith & Wesson air weight, five-shot Bodyguard revolver on my hip. It's a very light gun. 90% of the time, I have a light five-shot revolver on me cause that's all I need. If I'm in the field and I feel I may be in danger, I'll probably carry a Glock. To reach down and shoot off a few quick rounds, revolvers are much faster than semi-automatics.

RF
What's a good gun that can handle, not only self-defense, but the occasional bear or cougar?

Keating
Well the .38 wouldn't do much. The .44 would do just fine. The .44 would take care of any animal in my country, but it wouldn't do anything to a lion in Africa.

RF
But a mountain lion?

Keating
Oh yeah, no problem. It's a big slow round, it kills by inertia, it's just like being slapped by a giant. It's an old cowboy round. But by God is it good.

RF
What about small rifles for home protection, what do you like?

Keating
The .45 caliber Marlin carbine, it runs the exact ammunition as your pistol. It's great for home defense, but it's not really good for out in the woods, it doesn't shoot too far. If you're looking for absolute stopping power the number one gun is a shotgun with slugs. Probably a Mossberg 500 will do the trick. A man who knows what he's doing with a shotgun is probably one of your most dangerous adversaries in the world.

RF
Massad Ayoob talks about shotguns and M-15's

Keating
Oh, he's in the Masters Of Defense Program with me

RF
I know, I saw his knife on the website www.Mastersofdefense.com What do you think of his knife?

Keating
Mas knows what he's doing. He is one of those fellows that doesn't go for the cosmetics or appeal for the eye, he goes for what kills things. I guarantee you Ayoob has put forth a deadly design. Ayoob's stuff is very practical.

RF
Jerry Van Cook did a review of the Syderco Ayoob model (not the Masters Of Defense knife) and he mentioned, at first he didn't like it, but later when he was using it, especially in the reverse grip he came to appreciate it.

Keating
Well out of the Masters Of Defense line, Mas is the only one who made his knife a fixed blade, all the rest of us made folders. Mas out of the five people involved is the only one who took his knife to a slaughter house, and killed things, I didn't, but Ayoob did. He plunged the blade into the side of a pig, cause he didn't want the blade to bend when it hit a rib. He wanted it to go through the rib. Once you see the knife work you get a real appreciation for it, but if you look at it, it looks like a little steak knife.

RF
Do you like serrated or non-serrated?

Keating
Well serrated cuts the hell out of things, but personally I don't like them, I have all straight edges.

RF
Why?

Keating
Because I use my knives for more functions than just hurting people. It leaves ragged, jagged, horrible cuts. You want a clean cut. If you have to cut into a jacket, you don't want to be caught up in the jacket. If you're in the field for two or three weeks and your serrated edge goes dull, you're screwed; you'll need a serrated edge sharpener. With a straight edge, I can pick up a flat river stone and get a sharp edge in a few minutes. On a multi-level plane, the straight edge is better, but just tearing things up; you can't beat a serrated edge.

RF
You told me some people want to go at it with you with a stick?

Keating
I'm a knife fighter, not a stick fighter; I do not wish to have my wrist joints and finger joints crushed

RF
You don't want to go to the Dog Brothers either…

Keating
Their big contribution to the martial arts is "man oh man, when you get hit by a stick, it really hurts." I knew that when I was six years old. At 30 or 40 years of age, I'm going to get my head, elbow and knee cracked up for no pay, just for fun? Oh yeah, what a good idea. Forget it.

RF
Recently there have been a rash of wildings in New York; do you prepare your students for defense against these things?

Keating
Well one of the things we do in our Bowie Knife Seminar, it's a three-day event and one of the things people want to know is when a guy is bullying you, and what if he picks up a baseball bat, and you have a knife, well what do you do then, what if there are three of them, two of them have knives and the other guys has a bat, well, we'll put you through these, with the rubber knives and plastic bats, and the helmets on, try it out and see, and we show you how to engage these different weapons, because this is becoming more and more prevalent all over, these surprise assaults on people, the motive? They have no motive.

A gang is on the street, let's have some fun, then suddenly someone pulls a knife, it escalates and suddenly someone's dead. Well it's just like a pack of dogs that stray until they see a cat, a dog, a small child or anything else that's moving and that becomes the target, then they attack. I remember a very famous case of a NY woman who was raped, had her head bludgeoned, and she lived but she'll never be the same.

Many times people come up to me and say, hey Keating when you teach your Bowie class and your fencing style methods, who do you think you're going to fight? Are you going to fight the three musketeers out there? No they're the idiots, not me, cause if you can deal with me one-on-one, which will be a matter of hours, not years, if you can face me, I guarantee you can kill three normal men. If they're armed with knives.

RF
Did this phenomenon of wildings just erupt suddenly or has it been going on for a while?

Keating
You know where this started, a long time ago, in Vancouver, around the time of the worlds fair. And knives are a big deal cause guns are really regulated up there. We were on a street corner one day and I said, what are all these little kids coming around us? My friend said, they're not kids, they're in their twenties and early thirties. Well what do they want? Well they had something in mind. I started studying the situation, if they want your new Trans Am or you have a misses around you, that's the end of it. That Trans Am is theirs and maybe you're dead, I don't know. That's when people started approaching us and asked how do you fight thirty people? It aint like a Bruce Lee movie where I do a spinning kick and hit 12 people and they all fall down. How do you fight all these people at once, and the only thing I was teaching in those years was #1 taking a hostage, #2 that becomes a human shield #3 it becomes a sacrificial victim, you take another. If you are not prepared to do this, then prepare to die.

RF
What's the procedure?

Keating
The procedure is you grab the closest son of a bitch and put your knife right up under his chin, under his tongue and just gig him like a salmon on a fish hook, and you say, I'm going to walk out of here me and your friend, if you fuck with me, he's a dead man, and who ever is close enough is a dead man, and they may eventually get you, but I'm telling you, I've done this, and you don't grab somebody and say PLEASE, WORK WITH ME.

Laughter

The first thing you do is put your knife blade right through the center of this hand, now will you walk with me, they're on they're fuckin tip toes, they're crying they're pissing, but the rest of them see it, and once you put him into a shielding position, I'm telling you, you're as secure as you can be.

RF
Do they sometimes rush you anyway?

Keating
Well in an instance I was told about, it wasn't me, where even though they took one of their own they said fine, kill him.

RF
Is this still happening

Keating
This type of thing, yeah, in that instance it was in Miami, the undercover officer took a hostage to defend himself, and they said, fuck you, go ahead and kill him, we don't care

RF
Did he have a gun?

Keating
NO, he was an undercover officer making a drug deal in a hotel room with five guys, luckily his backup stormed though the door and he lived to talk about it. If ten guys with guns want to kill you, I assume you're dead. No matter what you do or what you think you know. Unless a miracle happens.

If you're in police or security you use the force ladder. You go from words to empty hand restraints to sprays, batons, impact weapons right up to edged weapons, firearms etc. You just can't go from words to shooting someone. Sometime those other rungs are bypassed.

It goes back to the ability to terminate your hostage and snatch another individual, in the business you never say kill you never say murder, you say terminate the enemy, it's cleaner. When you take a human hostage, in the back of your mind you must always thing that you will sacrifice this individual. And take another as quickly as possible, otherwise if they call your bluff you're done, it's very important to carry out your threat of mayhem.

RF
Well let's say you were in a foreign country, and an anti-American crowd gathers around you, with the intention of arranging a tour of the afterlife for you; If you need to take a hostage and need to dispatch him quickly, what's the fastest way of dispatching him, a cut across the neck?

Keating
Yes, as far as the immediate bang, bang, drop one, pick up another one. You don't want someone who is squirming too much like a belly thrust, they still have plenty of time to pull a gun and shoot you. One of the things you want to do, there two quick ways of terminating someone who is intent on killing you. One is air, that is cutting the off the airflow either by cutting or choking, and it works on so many levels, it's instinctual and doesn't take 10 years to learn, hell, anyone can learn it, and you can graduate the level of intensity on the victim from just choking him out quickly to if need be, cutting. So in my opinion, the quickest way of shutting someone down and taking their mind off of you is take a way their air.

RF
If you need to go beyond the choke, would you go just above the breastbone?

Keating
Right above the breastbone? Under the Adams Apple, that's where you need to hook your knife and that's where the choke comes in, if you go over it, it's much easier for their neck muscles to resist your choke.

RF
So, in that hypothetical situation, when you're about to be torn apart by a crowd, take one, cut, drop him, take another.

Keating
Yes, and that goes back to having a sharp blade. With a sharp blade you should be able to carry out your task with a mere flick, the results being a giant hole. On the other hand, a dull knife…you can hit him like you have an arnis stick in your hand, it will cut, but it won't do shit. Now they're bleeding and pissed, and coming at you. People must understand if you're going to play with a knife, carry a knife, use a knife that it has to be kept razor sharp.

RF
Does anyone produce a good video or kit on how to sharpen your knife?

Keating
There are a couple of systems, one of the easiest systems I've found is something called the lanskey system, it's a very simple and inexpensive system that's sold in hardware stores for around $22. Even though it's sort of an old-time system it works even though you don't have any experience in sharpening knives.

RF
Back to being prepared for a sudden assault by one or more opponents.

Keating
Well criminals always have the intent to do harm so they go out of their way to carry tools that can be potentially lethal to their victims, they have that advantage. On the other hand, we don't think about hurting others so we don't walk around with a baseball bat under our coat. They will always be one-up on you.

If I can't take my knives, one of the things I recommend for discreet downtown carry is a scribe. It's something that welders, sheet metal people carry; you can buy them at the hardware store, It looks exactly like a metal pen but it has an extendable tungsten shell carbide tip. So what you have is an easy to carry, durable and inexpensive ice pick. You won't have the slashing capacity of a knife, but, in my training, I focus on the thrust. There are more things you can pick up off your desk of immediate surroundings that you can thrust with. If you roll up a magazine and thrust them in the gut, it really hurts, worse than a fist.

RF
On thrusting, if you need to stop a crazed psycho fast, are the organs like the liver and kidney good places to visit? Which others do you recommend.

Keating
Oh yes, I would visit the esophagus, larynx, that's one, the liver of course; another one that instills immediate discomfort is the kidneys (this also applies in boxing). Even coming up to an aggressor and slapping him hard in the kidney will alleviate him from several body functions.

The best way to think of your knife is as a giant bullet, your hand and arm is the gun barrel. It will make a big opening and what you have to do is seek those organs. Now if you need to stop a crazed killer fast, you should seriously consider pinpointing several organs during your engagement. Trauma to one organ can in many cases be corrected, Trauma to two gets iffy, and trauma to three or more can cause lasting results. If you use a quick darting thrust into a vital area, followed by a slash under the Adams Apple, then you've got an effective combination. These may be horrible things to say and do, but it's more horrible to have them done to yourself.

RF
All you have to do is read the newspaper and acknowledge that these type of wilding attacks occur with very little recriminations against the gangs, but in the end, an innocent citizen dies or is crippled for life.

Keating
And yet, there are so many people that are against owning a gun despite the fact that it can and will save your life.

Well, some people are very naive, but If you are reluctant to own and use a gun you can also buy a pellet gun, which looks identical in many cases to the real thing. You can pull the trigger and hit someone, it might sting, but it won't cause serious damage, and you have time to get in close and stop the attacker's actions of have time to get away. This is close quarter now (eight to ten feet); we're not talking about targeting someone 300 ft away.

RF
Do you use any special custom made equipment for your knife training classes, or just off-the-shelf gear.

Keating Well martial artists are always trying to discover and make up new stuff, but bullshit, this stuff has been around for hundreds of years and has been improved on since. Put on a damn fencing mask, forget about your goggles and mouthpiece and anything else and put on a decent glove and then get the Santelli parrying daggers (or flexi-daggers), and damn, that's everything that a knife-fighter would ever want to train with.

RF
Some people criticize your three-day class what's your response?

Keating
A lot of people have said to me that I cannot make a fighter (using the Bowie) in three days, but I tell them, oh hell yes I can, because it starts off right away with the basics, and for the next two days are nothing but working and sparring. Real time, real rhythm, real energy. And you learn right then when it comes to the real test, you want pain, oh these dull metal daggers, they will make pain and draw blood, but it won't cut your arm off, and they are the very best things we have found. Plus the benefits are that these daggers have effective guards, very much like a real knife, like a Randall #1, etc. It also teaches you how to use the guard, which is so valuable. When you have a knife with a guard, whether it's big or small, these Santelli parrying daggers really teach you how to use it. There are not too many training tools that can bridge that gap between reality and play as well as these daggers can. And as I said combine them with the safe mask, a glove, etc. and you can learn a lot.

RF
What are some of your favorite knives?

One of my favorite knives when I used to travel all over is a 5" Randall #1. What a sweet knife, I'll face a samurai sword or a baseball bat with that knife.

If you don't want to spend that much, Cold Steel has a great knife called the Master Hunter, which is a great deal at about $100 or less. Of course I like my knives, the Chinook and Hornet.

Keating
Have you seen my video, "The Deadly Back Cut?"

RF
Yes, we are currently reviewing it?

Keating
Oh, beyond all the videos I made, this tape has been acclaimed as one of the best. The most devastating maneuver in my arsenal, and Bill Bagwell, he also is a firm believer in this, and in his book, he talks quite a bit about the back cut. The back cut is something that comes out of saber fencing, and it was largely unknown until I brought it into the knife community. And it is the quickest motion the human body can make, it is absolutely so devastating, that even if you know the person is going to do it, it's almost unstoppable. You can either get away, or shoot him, but if you engage this person in a knife fight and they know this technique, I guarantee you, it will win, it just comes out of nowhere.

RF
Many people in combatives and reality based defense say there is no such thing as a knife disarm, they say what you want to do is come in within the arc of the weapon, and hurt the guy so he thinks about being elsewhere, what's your opinion?

Keating
Right, this is what I say before I teach disarms, "disarms are an illusion, if you think you will take a knife from an expert, you have a snowballs chance in hell. So I want you to understand right away, it depends a lot on your courage, your desperation, the moment and time. If you're lucky, you may get a disarm, if not, you're probably going to end up in a real bad way."

So disarming is a last ditch attempt, it is when all else fails, you can't run, you can't hide, you can't pick up a stick, and call for help, whatever. If you do a disarm, again, with someone who knows what he's doing, you may not succeed. This is a very deadly zone, you don't have much of a chance, and that goes back to your training. If you've been training for a while, it's a different story, I've trained for 30 years, you see what I mean, what I can do is not what the average guy can do, unless he also practices all his life.

Well, yeah, knife disarms are very risky, largely bullshit, and that has to be acknowledged. But in an expert's opinion, there are ways to engage these. The Filipino's have long ago figured out ways to take the knife away, but this is at the expert level. And of course we see it coming through the Philippines, but that originally came from Spain.

That's why I'm an advocate of using knives since that gives you that little extra edge.

RF
Do you carry several knives just in case?

Keating
Oh yeah, I'm a firm believer in two knives, for multiple adversaries. I'm not saying for everyone, but for my level of skill, oh yes.

RF
Would you use them both in normal grip, or one in reverse and one in normal?

Keating
Once I go to two knives they're both in straight grip.

RF
You mentioned knife and shield also?

KeatingYes, the shield can be your briefcase, your trench coat wrapped around your arm, your grocery bag, if you're a musician, your instrument case, it could be many things. Your shield is just something you're going to hang in front of you for the time being.

When you're knife fighting, knife to knife, if we're both right handed, and if you're going to have a chance in hell, you'd better not put your left hand out, with your knife back by your belly, cause you'll die that way. Your knife should be out in front…

RF
Like a fencer?

Right, but when we go to shield and dagger, it switches, now the knife goes to the rear and the buckler goes forward. Because it is now the primary tool of engagement, it will engage first, not the weapon is free to snipe and pick away while you are suffocating his attacks. And we do this, cause you know normal people do not do this, they don't think of it, so when I take students through the progressions of single knife, single knife, single to double, long to short, and all these variations, once they go over to shield they go…oh my God, I win every time, exactly, that's how dramatic it is.

RF
Can you use Kevlar to deflect a blade?

Keating
Kevlar works with turning edges; it's only minimal effective in turning points. So you need multiple layers, because a point will begin to penetrate.

RF
In New York City, it's gotten to a point where if you're caught with a knife you will be lucky if you're not arrested. I knew a small guy who always got picked on by gang types, so he carried a knife. Once, while going into the WTC (before the disaster) he went through the metal detector and set the alarms off. The cops found three small knives on him and promptly placed him in the city psychiatric ward for about a week or so, where he was brutally attacked by a patient.

Last week a local legislator was heard saying that he wants to outlaw the flashlight (in public) because it can be used as a bludgeon instrument.

KeatingThey're trying to take everything away, as much as possible; this is why I told my community at a local conference, that someday, all weapons will be taken away from us, and of course, it's not something they wanted to hear, it was like farting in church. Look at New York, in the five boroughs; it's already pretty much like that, if they catch you with weapons, it's automatic jail. It's already happened in many parts of Europe.

RF
And that leaves the average person defenseless fodder, ready for the taking by the criminal element.

Keating
Right, exactly.

RF
The only chance you have nowadays IS to carry a weapon. I'm at the point where I carry two; due to recent wildings and in many cases don't get reported.

Keating
It's also good to have some kind of knife that you can throw at your attacker to distract them. You either back up, and I'll run at you and stick you, or I'll throw this knife at you and you won't know which. And I make sure that it's heavy enough, that even if I don't hit you with the blade, it's still going to knock the hell out of you, and at that point, as soon as you release it, take two steps back, boom, draw your second weapon or third weapon and move back in. Throw, step back, rush, that is the goal, your opponent will flinch, giving you the opportunity to attack.

And this is what I call "the respect getter," having one more major knife gets people to move away from you, oh, oh, this crazy guy's got a knife, he's gonna throw it, keep back.

RF
Do you use a throwing knife?

Keating
No, I'll just use a normal knife, I usually carry three folders. We have a little rule thing that we play, for those who have graduated from the riddle of steel, about the three knives, but there's a reason for carrying the three. I'll usually carry two of my fighting folders and something small, like the Hornet as my third. And I carry it where I can get at it easy.

RF
Well thanks so much for sharing your knowledge

Keating
Thank you,

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We reviewed several of James Keating's tapes and products in this issue.
You can contact James Keating through his website: www.JamesAkeating.com

Plan for the next Riddle of Steel event in the Spring of 2003